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Photo Credit: Cal Avery Photo Credit: Cal Avery Photo Credit: Cal Avery
American Indian Study Notes

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Native American Indians Unit

 

Inuit Indians

Location

  • They lived in the Arctic Region of North America in parts of Greenland, Canada, and Alaska.

Climate

  • The climate of the Arctic is very cold. Temperatures in winter can drop to     -60 degrees Fahrenheit. The land remains frozen all year.

Clothing

  • Their clothing was made from seal skins (waterproof), hides, and fur.

Housing

  • They made their homes from blocks of ice, known as igloos. In the summer they might make a tupik out of animal skin and bone.

Food

  • They fished and hunted for food.

 

Kwakiutl

Location

  • Pacific Northwest Coast Region of North America. Today we know the states to be Washington, Oregon, and Northern California.

Climate

  • Lots of rain, which keeps the land moist. Breezes are felt off the Pacific Ocean. Warm temperatures but cooler as you move east.

Clothing

  • Made from plant materials, hides, and fur.

Shelter

  • Houses were made from timber known as plank houses.

Food

  • They hunted, fished, and gathered roots and berries.

Nez Perce

Location

  • Plateau Region of North America. They lived between the Rocky and Cascade Mountain Ranges.

Climate

  • Hot dry summers to moderately cold winters with snow. The higher the elevation (up a mountain), the colder the temperatures. There was always a lot of rain.                  

Clothing

  • Made from plant materials, hides, and fur.

Shelter

  • Houses were earth materials and known as winter and summer houses.

Food

  • They hunted, fished, and gathered roots and berries. They followed the salmon in the spring.

 

Hopi

Location

  • Southwest Region of North America, present day Arizona.

Climate

  • Dry hot desert and rocky flat-top mountains. The temperatures are extremely hot and very little rain.

Clothing

  • Most of their clothing was made from the cotton that they grew.

Shelter

  • Pueblos made of adobe (sand, rock, and dirt mixture).

Food

  • They farmed for food. They grew corn, beans, pumpkins, and squash.

 

 

 

 

 

Pawnee

Location

  • The Great Plains Region of North America, present day Nebraska and Kansas. The plains is an area of flat grasslands.

Climate

  • The winters are cold with snow. The summers are extremely hot and humid. Winds can be very strong.

Clothing

  • Most of their clothing was made from buffalo hides.

Shelter

  • Temporary homes known as teepees made from animal skin.

Food

  • They farmed for food. They grew corn, beans, pumpkins, squash, sunflowers, and other crops. They also gathered foods such as plums, hazelnuts, and walnuts. They hunted buffalo. So the Pawnee hunted, farmed, and gathered for food.

 

 

Seminole

Location

  • Southeast Region of North America, present day Florida.

Climate

  • In southern Florida it was hot, humid, rainy, and had lots of fog.

Clothing

  • Clothing was made from plant material and hides.

Shelter

  • They lived in homes known as chickees, made with open walls, palmetto leaves, and built off the ground.

Food

  • They fished, hunted, farmed, and gathered roots and berries.

 

Swainsboro Elementary School  |  258 Tiger Trail  |  Swainsboro, GA 30401
Phone: 478.237.7266  |  Fax: 478.419.1164